Author Guidelines

All submissions must adhere to the specific guidelines that apply to each type of article being submitted and to general guidelines where applicable.


General Guidelines

Manuscript Formatting
Citation Formatting
Table Formatting
Figures and Illustrations
Data and Analyses


Articles Types and Guidelines

Original Research Articles
Brief Reports
Case Reports
An Approach To
Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis
Narrative Review
Commentaries
Reflections
Editorials
Letters to the Editor
Fine Arts
Conference Proceedings


General Guidelines

Manuscript Formatting

Manuscripts must be submitted in Microsoft Word (.doc/.docx) format and be written in English. Text should be double-spaced with 12-point Arial font, in 8.5"x11" format, with 1" margins and continuous line numbers (select under page layout). Please do not include tables and figures in this document as they must be uploaded separately as a supplemental file. Please do not include authors' names, information or acknowledgements in your original manuscript or in your supplemental files as this information must be entered separately during online submission and would interfere with the blinded peer-review process.


Citation Formatting

All citations must be in Vancouver style.


Table Formatting

All tables much be uploaded separately as Supplemental files in a Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx) format. Please number tables according to the order of their first appearance. All tables require a descriptive title without use of abbreviations. Footnotes should be superscripted and appear in the following order * † ‡ § || ¶ ** †† etc. Any abbreviations used in the table should be defined in the first footnote using the following format: MJM = McGill Journal of Medicine, etc.


Figures and illustrations

All figures and illustrations should be uploaded separately as Supplementary Files. Figures should be numbered according to their first appearance. All figures require a descriptive title without abbreviations

Line art (graphs, charts, scatterplots, flowcharts or anything else with sharply delineated lines) should be uploaded in Ai, EPS, or PPT file format. 800 DPI minimum.

Continuous-tone art (photographs, immunoblots, microphotographs, or anything with soft edges gradually shading from one tone to another) should be uploaded in TIFF, JPG, or PNG format. 300 DPI minimum.

All figures and illustrations require an accompanying legend which should contain the title, if necessary a short description of the figure/illustration and a footnote explaining any abbreviations used in the figure/illustration. Please provide sufficient information so that each figure with accompanying legend is intelligible without reference to the manuscript text.


Data and Analysis

If using statistical software please include the Software name and version number, and in parentheses the manufacturer and manufacturer location within the methods section. E.g. Stata SE 13.1 for Windows (Stata Corp, College Station, Texas).

Include raw numbers along with percentages in the text. Percentages should be rounded either to a whole number or one decimal point. Standard deviations should be expressed as “mean ± SD” and Interquartile ranges as “median (Q1-Q3)”. Confidence intervals are preferred over p-values but either may be used. Round all p-values to 2 or 3 decimal places as appropriate.


Article Types and Guidelines

Original Research Articles

Quality original research related to medicine and health, basic science, clinical and epidemiological studies, economic analyses in health, medical education, medical arts or any other primary medical research of interest to a broad audience. Students are encouraged to submit undergraduate theses, summer projects, or honours research projects. The manuscript (excluding references) should not exceed 3500 words, and should be divided into its appropriate components: abstract and keywords; introduction; methods; results; discussion; acknowledgements; references. References should not exceed 50 in number. Maximum of 4 figures and tables which should be submitted separately as supplementary files. All original research articles are sent for external peer review.

Structured Abstract: The abstract should be no more than 250 words and should contain the following: the purpose of the study, methods, main findings, and principal conclusions. The abstract must be self-contained.

Keywords: Below the abstract provide 3 to 10 keywords that describe the content of the article. If possible, use medical subject headings (MeSH) of Index Medicus, National Library of Medicine, USA.

Introduction: State clearly the purpose of the article, summarize the rationale for the study or observation, and give pertinent references. Do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.

Methods: Describe your selection of the observational or experimental subjects clearly (patients or experimental animals, including controls). Describe the experimental design, the methods, the apparatus (manufacturer's name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the study. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration. Studies using human subjects must be conducted in accordance with the guidelines outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975. In all experiments, it should be documented that informed consent was obtained from the subjects. Do not use patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers. All studies involving the use of animals must be conducted in accordance with the highest standards of humane animal care, and in accordance with the institution's internal regulations.

Results: Present your results in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations.

Discussion: The discussion should focus on the interpretation and significance of the findings. State the implications of the findings and their limitations, including possibilities for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant studies.

Acknowledgements: One or more statements should acknowledge (i) contributions that do not justify authorship; (ii) technical help; (iii) financial and material support.

Brief Reports

Brief Reports are scientific communication that presents original data in an intermediate fashion between an abstract and an article. A reported is an appropriate, self-sufficient format to present concise research data in cases where the amount of data or discussion and conclusions driven from the results are not sufficient to fulfill an article. Brief reports should be formatted as detailed in the original research article section.

Manuscripts should be a maximum of 1000 words (not including references), with a maximum three tables or figures and maximum 10 references. All brief reports are externally peer-reviewed


Case Reports

Case reports should document a single interesting case that would provide important learning points for students in healthcare fields. Maximum 1,500 words and 10 references and 2 tables/figures. All case reports are sent for external peer review Please use the following specific format:

Unstructured Abstract (maximum 150 words): This should include a brief summary of the case including its outcome and the key learning points drawn from the case.

The Case: This section should follow the format of a typical case report. This includes the chief/presenting complaint, pertinent history (including if relevant medications; habits; allergies; family history; and social history), the history of present illness including pertinent positives and negatives, physical exam, laboratory investigations, and other diagnostic tests or studies performed (e.g. radiology, biopsy, etc.), chief differential diagnosis and treatment plan. Whenever possible please include the outcome of the case. The differential diagnosis and treatment plan are the most important parts of this section and should be emphasized.

Discussion: This section should be used to highlight unique pathophysiology, relevant guidelines how well they might apply, as well as key approaches and learning points from this case. Other similar cases reported in the literature should also be briefly reviewed.

Acknowledgements: One or more statements should acknowledge (i) contributions that do not justify authorship; (ii) technical help; (iii) financial and material support.

Ethics: Consent for publication of a case report in print or electronically must be obtained from the patient or, if this is not possible, the next of kin before submission. A written patient consent form should be uploaded as a Supplementary file. Please use generic drug names wherever possible.


An Approach To

This article type provides readers with a short case and then summarizes the best approach to interpretations of labs or imaging; diagnosis; or treatment. Summaries should be backed by up-to-date articles and guidelines. These submissions are to be primarily didactic and would serve as a concise “knowledge update” for situations most healthcare professionals wouldn’t run in to in day to day practice.

Maximum of 1,000 words, 10 references and 2 tables or figures. All submissions will be externally peer-reviewed. Submissions should be formatted as such:

Case (maximum 200 words): The case may be fictional or real and serve as a jumping point to further discussion.

Question: A single question arising from the preceding case. Questions may be multiple choice or short answer.

Discussion (maximum 800 words): Summarize the approach to answering the posed question including. Key information to include here may be pertinent positives or negatives, red flags, new updates in the field, etc.


Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis

Systematic reviews and meta-analysis generate evidence by giving a scientific synthesis of primary research addressing a specific question and using reproducible methodologies. Authors should adhere to PRISMA guidelines

The manuscript (excluding references) should not exceed 3500 words, and should be divided into its appropriate components: abstract and keywords; introduction; methods; results; discussion; acknowledgements; references. References should not exceed 75 in number. Maximum of 4 Figures and tables which must be submitted as supplementary files. Manuscripts should be formatted as detailed in the ‘Original Research Article’ section. All systematic reviews and meta-analyses articles are sent for external peer review


Narrative Reviews

Narrative reviews provide an up-to-date synopsis on a given topic in the basic sciences or clinical medicine. Articles concerning other areas of medicine such as the humanities may be appropriate if they are of a scientific and/or experimental nature. Narrative reviews should address a specific question or questions in the literature. The word count should not exceed 3500 words. References should not exceed 75. There may be up to a maximum of 5 tables or figures. All narrative reviews are sent for external peer review

Narrative reviews must include the following sections:

Structured Abstract: The abstract should be no more than 250 words and should contain the following sections: Introduction; discussion; and conclusions and relevance.

Keywords: Below the abstract provide 3 to 10 keywords that describe the content of the article. If possible, use medical subject headings (MeSH) of Index Medicus, National Library of Medicine, USA.

Introduction: State clearly the purpose of this review. Summarize why this review is important in the context of the current literature. Describe the questions or topics this review will focus on.

Methods (non-mandatory): If a literature search was conducted for the narrative review briefly describe the search used including key terms, types of articles includes, databases searched, date of search and any restrictions on date of publication or language.

Discussion: This should constitute the majority of the narrative review. Please answer the identified questions from the introduction section. The strength of any evidence being cited should be classified as strong (e.g. multiple large randomized controlled trials or meta-analysis), or weak (e.g. small observation studies) whenever possible. Whenever possible divide this section into sub-headings addressing specific questions or topics.

Conclusion: Summarize the key findings of this review, why it is important and emphasize areas of future research.

Acknowledgements: One or more statements should acknowledge (i) contributions that do not justify authorship; (ii) technical help; (iii) financial and material support.


Commentaries

Commentaries provide an evidence backed viewpoint regarding an important issue in medicine, propose new hypotheses or explanatory models, or theorize on the implications of future technology and innovations. Maximum 3,000 words, 50 references and 2 tables/figures. All perspectives are sent for external peer review.

Perspectives should be organized as follows:

Unstructured Abstract: The abstract should be no more than 250 words.

Manuscript: Authors may choose how they wish to format perspective pieces. Use of headings and sub-headings is encouraged and is beneficial for reader comprehension.

Acknowledgements: One or more statements should acknowledge (i) contributions that do not justify authorship; (ii) technical help; (iii) financial and material support.


Reflections

Reflections are a diverse article type which focused on narrative medicine in which healthcare providers or patients reflect on illness, the patient-physician relationship or the contemporary medical system as a whole. These pieces should explore, difficult, challenging or uplifting clinical encounters. These articles are intended to provide new viewpoints beyond the traditional biomedical research model. Essays, poetry or other formats are acceptable.

Any information regarding patient’s must be anonymized. Maximum 2,000 words and 10 references and 1 tables/figures. Reflections are internally reviewed within MJM.


Editorials

Editorials are shorter articles commenting on controversial issues in medicine and the basic sciences. Maximum 1,500 words, 10 references, and 1 table or figure. All editorials will undergo internal peer review by the McGill Journal of Medicine editorial board. No accompanying abstract is necessary.


Letters to the Editor

We publish responses from all members of the public to articles published by the MJM and communications on other topics that are pertinent to health and medicine. Communications do not require citations, but must be concise, and contained in 400 words or less. Letters must not violate the rights of any member of the public, nor contain abusive language. Publication of letters will be at the discretion of editorial board. Letters will be published without editing of content, but correction for typological errors.


Fine Arts

All materials submitted to us must be original work and relevant to health and medicine. All submissions must be in high resolution digital format and adhering to the general guidelines. Artwork can include illustrations, paintings, photography or other fine arts mediums. For photography that features individuals, submitter must certify that verbal or written consent was obtained from subjects, and their dignity and right to privacy was respected. For photography that features copyrighted artworks, authors must certify that they have permission to submit a reproduction. Exceptions apply to works reproduced under fair use or under creative commons licensing, copyrighted works in displayed in public.


Conference Proceedings

Selected conference proceedings can be considered for publication with MJM. Please e-mail mjm.med@mcgill.ca for more details.